Currently, these 15 breeds, although some regions have added German Shepherd and Boxer to the list, so best check your local Town Hall for the complete list for your area.
These breeds are banned from private ownership unless licensed and controlled
Pitt Bull Terrier
Staffordshire Bull Terrier (American Staffordshire Terrier)
American Pitbull Terrier
Dogo de Burdeos
Dogo del Tibet
Mallorcan Presa (Ca de Bou)
Dogs that meet most of the following characteristics: a muscled build (especially hind legs), extreme stamina, broad chest with wide, curved ribs, short hair, broad head with strong jaws, thick strong muscular neck, or those that show agressive character or have been denounced for agressive behaviour, could be considered as ´potentially dangerous dogs´ as well, to be determined by an independant official, like an accredited vet. If so determined, their owners need to apply for a licence to keep them as well.
Info on how to obtain this licence in our Library, Miscellaneous section.
Once these permits have been granted, the dog owner must carry a special identification card for each animal which when in public must be displayed. These dogs are not permitted in any area where children may be present; they must be muzzled at all times and be on a lead that is no longer than 2 meters (some local ordenanzas even mention 1 meter). It is a criminal offense not to communicate to the police the loss of these animals within 24 hours of the animal going missing.
You are only allowed to walk one dog at a time, per person. The person walking the dog must be the one that is holding the permit. If you do not own a dog on the list, but do walk one or take care of one, you need to register as such at Town Hall and meet all the requisites re insurance etc. to get a permit.
Dogs affected by this provision have all or most of the following characteristics: could be classed as Potentially dangerous dogs.
a) Strong musculature, powerful appearance, robust, athletic configuration, agility, vigor and endurance.
b) Marked character and great value.
c) Short hair.
d) Thoracic perimeter between 60 and 80 centimeters, height at the withers between 50 and 70 centimeters and weight over 20 kg.
e) Bulky head, cuboid, robust, with wide and large skull and muscled and bulging cheeks. Strong and large jaws, robust, wide and deep mouth.
f) Wide, muscular and short neck.
g) Solid breast, wide, large, deep, arched ribs and muscular and short back.
h) Parallel, straight and robust fore limbs and very muscular hind limbs, with relatively long legs forming a moderate angle.
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