There are 11 Contribution Groups for employees in Spain.
The Convenios in place for each line of work define the functions, qualifications and characteristics of each of the professional groups and when the worker signs his employment contract, one of the clauses must indicate in which group he will belong. The Group number should also be on their nominas/wage slips.
Each group serves to set minimum and maximum ceilings that will be paid by the worker and therefore, the contribution made by the company for the Social Security contributions that correspond.
And these in turn, directly influence the build up of your pension entitlement, and the amount of sickpay and unemployment benefits you will be entitled to.
Every year the BOE (State Bulletin) publishes the table with the minimum bases for which each worker will be quoted according to the professional group in which they are.
In 2019, for example, it has been established that companies will contribute 23.6% of the worker’s contribution base for common contingencies to Social Security, and the worker will pay 4.7%. Every month the company is in charge of paying both the employers’ and the employees’ part of the contribution, the latter to be deducted from the employees’ wages.
More info re min/max contribution bases in each group in this article in Spanish.
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