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E-bikes, E-scooters - Insurance And Itv

Posted in: On The Road
Author: Richelle de Wit

The big difference is whether the e-bike is pedal-assist only, or uses a throttle.
With some e-bikes, there is no hand throttle control. Instead a sensor system gives pedal assistance…in other words you have to push the pedals round but with much less effort. these types of ebikes are NOT viewed as mopeds but simply as bicycles, and need no 3rd party insurance.
With other types of e-bikes there is a hand-operated throttle, which you can use to operate the electric motor and thus go along without any use of the pedals at all. This type is viewed, in several European countries, as an electric moped/scooter, NOT as a bicycle. Under their already existing national regulations, scooters need at least Third Party insurance, and as these new-fangled, throttle-operated e-bikes are seen as scooters, thus they need third party insurance too.
The acid test is:- can you operate it with a throttle, without having to pedal.
If so, then legally it’s an e-scooter, not an e-bicycle; and you need to have at least the minimum amount of third-party insurance as required by national law for a motor scooter.

If you have a e-bike with throttle function, as it is viewed as a scooter, then you need to have regular ITV checks for it as well. Should be sold with ´primera matriculación´, complete with licence plates.

Please note: The information provided is based upon our understanding of current legislation. It is not legal advice but is provided freely to enable you to be properly informed. We recommend that if you are considering taking action, you should seek professional advice.

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