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Ingreso Minimo Vital - Minimum Vital Income UPDATE

Update 14.9.2020 The Ministry of Inclusion works to speed up the procedures for the Minimum Vital Income.
With 3 new measures:
1⃣Extension of the retroactive period. Those who request the benefit until December 31 and it is granted, will collect it with economic retroactive effects from July 1. The previous limit was September 15.
2⃣Extension of the response time. The resolution period is extended to 3 months so that no person should worry that their request may be rejected due to administrative silence. Those who submit the application will see their file processed.
3⃣Registration with SEPE a posteriori. The requirement to be registered in the lists of the Public Employment Services becomes a post-application obligation.

Update 18.7.2020 You can now also apply in person. Use  ?901 10 65 70 or your computer to make an appointment online

With or without a digital certificate or Cl@ve, you can file your application through the Electronic Office on the Seguridad Social website. This is the preferred method to apply.

Update 5.6.2020 The National Social Security Institute (INSS) has launched a free telephone line for enquiries from citizens about the Minimum Vital Income. The phone number, 900 20 22 22, is already operational. Their hours of operation are from 9:00 a.m. to 2:30 p.m.


New Royal Decree Law approved yesterday.

Automated translation from an article on the Moncloa website, 30.5.2020. Additional information from the Seguridad Social and the State Gazette incorporated 5.6.2020. Links for further details added at the bottom of this article.

The measure aims to eradicate poverty and promote participation in the labour market and social inclusion of people in vulnerable situations. The government estimates that it will benefit 850,000 households and 2.3 million people, of which one million are in extreme poverty (with income between 3,000 and 4,300 euros per year).

Citizens will receive it as long as they meet the requirements to access it, as is the case, for example, with a retirement pension or unemployment benefit.

The guaranteed income threshold will be 462 euros per month for an adult person living alone. When it is a coexistence unit, it will increase by 139 euros per month for each person, up to a maximum of 1,015 euros per month. In addition, single-parent families will receive a supplement of 100 euros per month.

The benefit is calculated as the difference between the monthly income of the person or living unit and the guaranteed income in each case.

Pablo Iglesias has underlined that the applicants of the Minimum Vital Income, if they meet the requirements, will be able to make it compatible with their labour income as long as they do not exceed the established threshold. “It is not directed only to unemployed people, but also to people or households with very low incomes or with very precarious temporary jobs,” who would see their coverage extended, he has specified.

The vice president has indicated that anyone who is between 23 and 65 years old, or from 18 if the applicant has dependent minors, who have at least one year of legal residence in Spain (accredited by residency certificate EU or residency authorisation TIE for nonEU. Padrón to accredit residency address.), may apply for the benefit. Access to aid will depend on the income level and wealth of the person requesting it. Continued eligibility is invalidated by an absence from Spain for more than 90 days per natural year, accumulated. Except when caused by justified illness.

In addition to income, the applicant’s net worth will be verified, subtracting his debts, and without taking into account the habitual residence. The equity limit increases depending on the number of people in the coexistence unit. It is 16,614 euros for a person living alone and will be increased for each additional member up to a maximum of 44,196 euros.

If you are entitled to any other pension or benefit, you must apply for those instead. Except social wages, minimum insertion income or similar social assistance grants granted by the autonomous communities. If you are not entitled to a pension or benefit and 18 or over, you need to be registered as jobseeker ‘demandante de empleo’ in your region.

You need to have lived on your own (at a different address than your parents)  for at least three years and have a work history of at least 12 months. If part of a family unit, the unit needs to have been established at least one year before application.

For the recognition of the benefit, the income of the immediately previous year will be taken into account, although to address the vulnerability situations generated by the COVID-19 pandemic, it may also be recognized for applications made during 2020 taking into account the income situation of this year. Those in receipt of the MVI will have to file an annual RENTA income tax declaration.

It can be requested from June 15 and all requests that are made from that day until September 15 will be applied retroactively as of June 1.

Access to the electronic headquarters of Social Security to make the request for the minimum vital income is “friendly” and will have a simulator (see link below), to easily check if you are entitled to the benefit, a virtual assistant and a free 900 telephone for information and help.

However, thanks to the data crossing between the Tax Agency, the Social Security and the autonomous communities, it will already be possible to identify ex officio numerous beneficiary households who, he assured, “will already be able to receive the monthly income.”

Applications will be possible with or without a digital certificate or Cl@ve, through the electronic office of the Seguridad Social website. And through collaborating Town Halls, once they have signed the relevant ‘convenio’. Also in person at the INSS/CAISS offices, once they re-open to the public.

Among the necessary documentation to make the application are:

* To prove identity: DNI or NIE in the case of foreigners. (Note from CAB: this is the literal translation from the article on the Moncloa website. We suggest that a valid ID document, so a passport is needed).
* To prove legal residence in Spain: certificate of registration in the central registry of foreigners, residence card of family member of citizen of the European Union or foreigner’s identity card for those from non-EU countries (TIE).
* To prove the domicile in Spain: padrón certificate stating all the people registered at the address and the date of seniority.
* To prove the existence of the family unit: family book, birth certificate of the civil registry of the children, or registration in the registry of domestic partners.


Guide with FAQs questions published by the Government, in Spanish, added 31.5.2020.

Article from the Seguridad Social that explains further, in Spanish.

Simulator from the Seguridad Social

Please note: The information provided is based upon our understanding of current legislation. It is not legal advice but is provided freely to enable you to be properly informed. We recommend that if you are considering taking action, you should seek professional advice.

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