Coronavirus: Confirmation State of Alarm – Containment Measures 14.3.2020

Updates 18.3.2020 in orange.

The Board of Ministers has approved the State of Alarm as announced yesterday. Initially for 15 days, starting at the time of publication in the State Bulletin, just before midnight 14.3.2020, with the possibility to extend.

All police and army forces are now under direct control of the Central Government. A special committee has been formed, including the ministers of Defence, Interior, Transport and Health. Presided by the Minister President. The Civil Protection units will receive their orders from the Central Government as well. The Central Government is now authorised to close off roads or restrict traffic from and to certain areas for public health or safety reasons.

The Central Government can also recruit the services and facilities from the private health sector – they now respond to the Health Minister. Likewise the pharmaceutical industry, to ensure continued availability of prescription meds.

All businesses and government organisations are asked to facilitate working from home where possible.

The necessary measures will be adopted to guarantee the supply of electricity, petroleum products and natural gas.

The Board has approved a general measure to maximise restricted movement by citizens.
During the validity of the state of alarm, people may only circulate along the roads or spaces for public use to carry out the following activities, which must be carried out individually, unless accompanied by persons with disabilities, minors, the elderly, or for any other justified reason. Note from CAB, unless there is no absolute necessity, like accompanying a disabled person to a doctor’s appointment, you will likely be stopped and sent home.

Amendment published 25.3.2020. Public, private and complementary private transport of people in vehicles of up to nine seats, including the driver, carried out within the framework of the authorised displacement cases (as mentioned below) in which more than one person must travel in the vehicle, will respect that there is a maximum of one person for each row of seats, maintaining the greatest possible distance between the occupants.

    1. to buy food or other primary necessities, or to get prescription meds from the pharmacy
    2. to visit medical facilities in case of urgency
    3. to go to your workplace or to carry out labour, professional or company duties
    4. to return to your habitual home
    5. to visit banking or insurance institution
    6. to assist and care for the elderly, minors, dependants, people with disability or especially vulnerable people
    7. for reasons of overwhelming force or situation of necessity
    8. for any other activity of an analogous nature duly justified
    9. to walk your pet (this was not mentioned in the original list, but mentioned specifically during the Q&A after the press conference)
    10. to fill your vehicle up with fuel

Explanatory note added by the Government 19.3.2020. The above enables people with disabilities, who have behavioural disorders, such as people with a diagnosis of the autistic spectrum and disruptive behaviours, which is aggravated by the situation of confinement derived from the declaration of the state of alarm, and a companion, to circulate on the roads for public use, as long as they respect the necessary measures to avoid contagion.

Maximum number of people in the cabin on public transport of goods by road.
In public transport of goods by road, it will be allowed that two people go in the cabin of the vehicle, when necessary due to the type of transport to carry out, observing necessary protection measures.

Repeated info on the closure of all education facilities throughout the country and the possibility to replace by alternative, online teaching activities where applicable.

All retail businesses will be closed as well. With the exception of those selling food, beverages, basic necessities, pharmacies, those offering medical, orthopaedic, optical or veterinary services, those selling newspapers (kioscos and estancos), petrol or hygienic products, technological and telecommunications equipment, those offering telecom services, those selling animal feed products, dry cleaners, launderettes, hairdressers (update 15.3.2020: limited to home visits). E-commerce or commercial activities by phone or mail.

Opening of vehicle repair and maintenance workshops.
In order to guarantee the proper functioning of the operations of transport of goods and ensure the necessary supply of products to the population, as well as the transport allowed in Royal Decree 463/2020, of 14 March, the opening of vehicle and motor repair and maintenance workshops is allowed, as well as the establishments of related activities for the sale of parts and accessories sold directly to repair shops, but not open to the public.

In any case, the activity of any establishment that, in the opinion of the competent authority, may pose a risk of contagion due to the conditions in which it is developing, will be suspended.

Hosteleria and restaurant services are suspended.

Specified in the Annex to the Royal Decree: Tabernas y bodegas. Cafeterías, bares, café-bares and similar. Chocolaterías, heladerías, salones de té, croissanteries and similar. Restaurantes, autoservicios de restauración and similar. Bares-restaurante. Bares y restaurantes de hoteles, except when providing services for their guests. Salones de banquetes. Terrazas. Maintained Spanish terminology for easier cross-check with relevant opening licences.

Museums, discotheques, auditoriums, sports facilities, attraction parks, leisure activity centres, processions, popular fiestas, folkloric manifestations – all closed or cancelled.

Attendance at places of worship and at civil and religious ceremonies, including funerals, are conditioned on the adoption of organisational measures consisting of avoiding crowds of people, depending on the dimensions and characteristics of the premises, in such a way that attendees are guaranteed the possibility of respecting the
distance between them of at least one meter. Update HERE.

National transport
Most public passenger transport services by rail, road, air and sea will reduce their total offer of operations by at least 50%.

Commuter rail services (cercanías) will maintain their range of services.

Some specific criteria for transport between the Peninsula and non-peninsular territories, as well as for transportation between the islands will be established.

For info re possible cancellations of international flights from and to Spain, please contact your airline.

UK Government advising against all but essential travel to Spain

Suspension of administrative deadlines
Administrative procedures at the Public Administrations will be suspended for the duration of the State of Alarm. Meaning that if the max. period to process an application for something would ordinarily be 3 months, it will now be 3 months and 15 days, or longer, if the State of Alarm is extended. Except in relation to procedures directly related to the State of Alarm. They shall not apply to administrative procedures in the areas of affiliation, liquidation and contributions for Social Security. The suspension of the terms and the interruption of the administrative deadlines shall also not apply to the tax deadlines, subject to special regulations, nor shall they affect, in particular, the deadlines for the presentation of declarations and tax self-assessments.

Suspension of limitation periods and expiration
The statute of limitations and expiration of any actions and rights will be suspended for the duration of the alarm state and, where appropriate, of the extensions to be adopted.

CAB Recommendation

We recommend carrying legal ID (passport) and Residency certificates when going out. This will be proof of residency when crossing borders into Spain. (It is also law that all foreigners should carry ID and residency certificates at all times). For tourists, we suggest you consider carrying ID, proof of location of your lodgings, booking confirmation or similar.


Please note: The information provided is based upon our understanding of current legislation. It is not legal advice but is provided freely to enable you to be properly informed. We recommend that if you are considering taking action, you should seek professional advice.

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